When we talk about tachypsychia we refer to the pathological acceleration of psychic activity or thinking. This acceleration of thought is a quantitative disorder of speed and can manifest itself with or without verbiage. In the most extreme case you can reach what is known as The escape of ideas.
- 1 Symptoms of tachypsychia
- 2 What the cause?
- 3 Treatment of tachypsychia
Symptoms of tachypsychia
A consequence of the increase in the speed of thought is that there is a difficulty in reaching a conclusion, since all thoughts are compromised by a newly formed new idea, creating many times disorder in the brain of the subject, verbiage, distractions and predominance of crazy associations. The tachypsychia is then defined as a significant increase in the speed of thought, and decrease in response time, increase in words per minute, greater spontaneity and is characterized by an increase in the flow of ideas that appear in the mind, jumping from one idea to another constantly. This jump from one idea to another occurs, in general, before the first thought or idea is over.
The tachypsychia comes from the Greek of words tachýs(fast and psyche (soul or mind) and is not considered a disease as such, but a clinical sign that guides the psychologist or psychiatrist for differential diagnosis. It is included in the calls alterations in the course of thought. There are two types of rhythms of thought, if it is slowed or inhibited it is called bradypsychia, (this is related to depressive symptoms or some types of schizophrenia) or accelerated, which would be the case of tachypsychia.
The tachypsychia or acceleration of psychic activity, can be very unpleasant, since it produces the feeling of losing control of thought, sometimes triggering an unstoppable verbiage.
What the cause?
The origin of tachypsychia is diverse, it can occur by stimulant consumption, for states of anxiety or anxiety or for suffering from a psychological disorder.
It is typical of some psychic disorders or mental illnesses. Especially we can see it in those disorders that occur with delusional crises such as psychosis or mania, that is, in pathologically euphoric states.
In an isolated way, it occurs mainly in unipolar mania, it can also be seen in mixed syndrome or dysphoric mania, where it occurs more frequently than in bipolar disorder in which it is less frequent, although in the manic phases of bipolar disorder it can also observe both tachypsychia and leaks of ideas
A term widely used in tachypsychia is that of thought ideofugal, which is characteristic of the manic phase; the patient goes from one subject to another, each phrase has more or less relationship with the previous one or with the stimuli that comes from the environment. They are typical of this way of thinking to have a great eloquence full of data halfway and a great lack of self-reflection that allows the person to stop. Nevertheless, the associations that the patient makes are not absurd or strange, they are related to environmental situations, to the topic that precedes the speech, etc. So the speech can be perfectly understandable.
The tachypsychia can evolve towards the flight of ideas, a term used to designate the characteristic tachypsychia of the manic phase and which consists in the discourse already becoming incomprehensible, the thought goes too fast and has no relation to the environment but by laws of passive association of thought, contiguity, consonance and contrast. In extreme cases, thinking may be faster than language and the patient cannot articulate words..
For the treatment it is essential to learn to control our mental activity, that is, our thoughts, so that they do not get lost in wanderings
So, the attention exercises They are highly recommended. An example would be, before bedtime, to look at the photograph of a person who is pleasant. Observe the details of the face, eyes, nose, mouth, trying to memorize the face. Then, once the light is off, try to evoke the face of the photograph. Once you have done the exercise several times, you should try to evoke the image without having to see the picture. With practice, it should be enough to recreate the face to be able to remember it accurately and faithfully. This exercise should be completed with the face of someone we consider unpleasant, in this way, we will not force concentration only on what we like
East concentration exercise It can be very useful to slow down thinking, anyway, tachypsychia is a sign that something is not working normally, so it is necessary to go to a psychiatrist or clinical psychologist to perform a specific evaluation.
There are many techniques focused on mind control which may be useful, but will always depend on the type of difficulties that arise. With this in mind, there are different orientations within psychology that can help once the assessment and diagnosis have been made and discover what is causing the symptom and see how it can be addressed and modified.
Vallejo, J (2011) Introduction to psychopathology and psychiatry. (7th Ed) Barcelona: Masson
American Psychiatric Association (2013) DSM-5 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of DSM-5 Mental Disorders. Madrid: Pan American Medical Editorial