Oswald Spengler (Blankenburg, May 29, 1880-Munich, May 8, 1936) was a German historian and philosopher of conservative revolutionary ideas. He is widely known for his works: the decline of the west, man and technique, the decisive years,among other.
Oswald Spengler was noted for the study of Civilization, coming to predict important events, such as culture crisis current. He said that, by the year 2000, Western Civilization would enter a state of extinction.
Likewise, Oswald Spengler argues that the life and history of humanity (and with it civilizations) is a constant struggle between stability, change, mobility, between many states and processes. Civilizations, therefore, they would act as a living organism that is born, grows, reproduces and dies.
Famous phrases of Oswald Spengler
- “We are not free to achieve this or that, but to do what is necessary or do nothing. The problems posed by historical necessity are always resolved with or against the individual. "
- "The higher a town is, the more limited it is in its freedom, and the more educated a man is, the less freedom it takes."
- “In the great crises everyone else fought for victory or defeat; we have always fought for victory or annihilation. ”
- “Blood is for us the symbol of life. It circulates endlessly through the body, from conception to death; it passes from the mother's body to that of the child; beat the arteries in wakefulness as in sleep; It never interrupts its course. The blood of the ancestors flows through the generations, bringing them together in a huge set, subject to fate, to rhythm, to time. ”
- "Time is not distance, but feeling."
- "The law of eternal return is the same, on a large scale, of what is, on a small scale, the change from life to death, the collapse of states, customs, cultural conditions."
- "What is done today under the name of art is pure impotence and lies"
- “Every soul has religion. Religion is just another word to express the existence of a soul. All the living ways in which the soul manifests itself, all the arts, the doctrines, the uses, all the worlds of metaphysical and mathematical forms, every ornament, every column, every verse, every idea is, deep down, religious. ”
- “Cultures are organisms. Universal history is his biography ”
- “Money thinks; money directs: such is the state of decadent cultures. ”
- “At first I had goods that had power. Now he who has money has power. Money is what puts the spirit on the throne. Democracy is the perfect identification of money with political force. ”
- "The soul of an artist is, like the soul of a culture, something that aspires to be realized, something complete and perfect, or, said in the language of an old philosophy, a microcosm."
- “For the primitive man, the word" time "cannot mean anything. Primitive man lives without needing to counter the term time to anything else. He has time, but nothing knows about him. (...) Only the cosmic intelligence of higher cultures, subjected to the impression of "nature", which mechanizes everything, and dominated by the awareness of a rigorously ordered, measurable and conceivable extension, draws the spatial image, the ghost of the time to satisfy your need to conceive everything, to measure and order everything for causes and effects. ”
- “The Egyptian loved the hard stone of the huge buildings; the severity of his conscience made him always look for the most difficult problems ”
- “In every cult language there is a certain number of words that remain wrapped in a deep mystery: fate, fatality, chance, predestination, destiny. There is no hypothesis, there is no science that can express the emotion that seizes us when we immerse ourselves in the sound and meaning of these words. ”
- “The cultured man lives inward; the civilized, out in space, between bodies and facts. ”
- “The freedom of public opinion requires the elaboration of said opinion, and this costs money”
- "The history of a culture is the progressive realization of its possibilities"
- "Knowing the world is, for the man of higher cultures, a real need, something that blends into his own existence, an offering that he believes is due to himself and his life."
- “A culture is born when a great soul awakens from its primary state and emerges from the eternal human infantilism; when a form arises from the report; when something limited and ephemeral emerges from the unlimited and enduring. It blooms then on the floor of a region, to which it remains attached as a plant. ”
- “The symbols are sensitive signs, last impressions, indivisible and above all involuntary, which have a specific significance. A symbol is a feature of reality that, for a man with his alert senses, immediately and obviously designates something that cannot be communicated through the intellect. ”
- Spengler, O. (1993).The Western Decadence: sketch of a morphology of universal history. Planet-De Agostini ,.
- Spengler, O., & López-Ballesteros, L. (1936).Decisive years. Espasa-Calpe.
- Oswald, S. (1958). The decline of the west.Volume I. Madrid: Espasa Calpe SA
- Oswald, S. (1958). The decline of the west.Volume II Madrid: Espasa Calpe SA
- Spengler, O. (1922). The life cycle of cultures.Etzioni and Etzioni (comp.) Social changes: sources, types and consequences, Mexico, Economic Culture Fund.