Adolescence, a stage of transformation
Adolescence is the intermediate stage of growth between childhood and adulthood. It represents the period of time during which a person experiences changes at the physical level, in addition to facing different emotional changes.
The ages, which are called to be part of adolescence, vary by ethnicity and range from preteens to nineteen. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), adolescence covers the time of life between 10 and 20 years of age.
Adolescence is a stage that is especially characterized by periods of instability, this is where the therapist's role fulfills a primary function to accompany the teenager in the transit of these changes.
The psychological problems of adolescents can include the maturity of their body, which leads to a curiosity about sexual activities, this also, in some cases leads to teenage pregnancies. In addition, behaviors are manifested in order to experience certain situations (drinking alcohol, trying drugs).
In some very isolated cases, problems such as schizophrenia, eating disorders, and depression during adolescence can also arise.
It is a stage in which one also suffers from emotional insecurity, and the search for a distinctive identity, are characteristic problems that adolescents face. It is also common for teenagers to express their desire to be like their idols, and take them as a role model (rock or pop stars, and film and television artists).
Relationship of the adolescent with his surroundings
The nature of a teenager's behavior is strongly influenced by his friends and classmates, which is why psychology for adolescents has acquired great importance in recent years due to the increase in cases of adolescents suffering from depression and lack of identity with their peers and difficulty making friends and creating links.
The relationship with their peers plays a very role, it is observed that 90% of adolescents are associated with a group of peers, in cases where adolescents receive the necessary support from their peers, the probability of suffering from depression or anxiety decreases.
Based on the different theories that have been presented about adolescence, today, psychologists around the world strive to help adolescents in various ways. The main focus of psychology for adolescents has as its objective the work of aspects of social well-being and those related to the physical and mental changes of the individual.