Thomas Hobbes He is one of the great sages of the 16th and 17th centuries. East philosopher English not only laid the foundations of modern political philosophy, but stood out in numerous areas of knowledge. His deep studies on theology, history ethics, Y exact Sciences. Was deistI thought I could reach God through reason and personal experience, rather than through religion.
His best known work is the Leviathan, which laid the foundations of the contract theory (philosophical current that advocates that the origin of society and the State is due to a contract among humans, for which a limitation of freedoms is accepted in exchange for laws that guarantee peace, tranquility and social advantages).
Famous phrases of Thomas Hobbes
"Man is a wolf to man"
"When men build on false foundations, the more they build, the greater the ruin will be."
"The first and fundamental law of nature is to seek peace."
"Eloquence is power, because it looks prudent."
"Favors oblige, and the obligation is slavery"
"We do not seek society for the sake of herself, but for the honors or benefits she can bring us."
"The competition for wealth, honor, command or any other power leads to antagonism, enmity and war."
"Fear and I were born twins."
"A free man is one who, having strength and talent to do one thing, finds no obstacles to his will."
"A democracy is really nothing more than an aristocracy of speakers, sometimes interrupted by the temporary monarchy of a speaker."
"The doctrine that is in contradiction with peace cannot be true, as peace and harmony cannot go against the law of nature."
"From equality comes distrust."
"It is men and weapons, not words and promises, that constitute the force and power of laws."
"The fear of invisible things is the natural seed of what each one calls religion for himself."
“Everything we imagine is finite. There is, therefore, no idea or conception of anything we can call infinity. No man has an image of infinite magnitude in his mind, and he cannot conceive of infinite speed, infinite time, infinite force or infinite power. When we say that something is infinite, all we want to say is that we are not able to conceive the termination and limits of the things we name. We have no conception of those things, but of our own incapacity. ”
“To the fear of an invisible power, feigned by the mind or imagined from stories that have been accepted by the public, we call it religion; if they have not been accepted, superstition. ”
"There is no man who can have a thought or representation of something that is not subject to the order of the sensory."
"When a man reasons, he does nothing other than conceive a total sum, by adding parts, or conceiving a rest by subtraction."
"For there is no conception in the human mind that at first has not been engendered in the sense organs, totally or partially."
“The fear of oppression disposes to prevent it or to seek help in society; there is, in effect, no other way by which a man can secure his freedom and his life. ”
“Given this situation of mutual distrust, no such reasonable procedure exists for a man to protect himself, such as anticipation, that is, to dominate by force or by cunning all men he can, during the precise time, until no other power is able to threaten him. ”
“Desire to know why and how, curiosity; This feeling does not occur in any other living creature but in man. Man distinguishes himself singularly not only for his reason, but also for that passion, from other animals. ”
"The pusillanimity disposes men to irresolution and, as a consequence, to lose the most appropriate opportunities and opportunities to act."
"The covenants that do not rest on the sword are nothing more than words, without strength to protect man, in any way."
“The language of desire and aversion is imperative, like: do this, don't do that. When the interested party is obliged to make or omit, there is a mandate; otherwise, a plea; in some, a tip. ”
- Schmitt, C. (2008).Leviathan in the doctrine of the State of Thomas Hobbes. Fontamara
- Hobbes, T., & Pavón, D. N. (1979).Elements of natural and political law. Madrid: Center for Constitutional Studies.
- Hernández, J. M. (2002).The portrait of a mortal god: study on the political philosophy of Thomas Hobbes (Vol. 126). Anthropos Editorial.
- Hobbes, T. (1999).Citizen Treaty. Trotta ,.
- Hobbes, T. (1996). Leviathan (R. Tuck, Ed.).Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University.