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Suicide: triggers and warning signs

Suicide: triggers and warning signs

Suicide is a serious social problem, there are many people who live in different types of captivity, accompanied by a terrible emotional suffering, these "iron cages" often arise before the "disenchantment of the world," as Max Weber said. Captivity can be physical, sometimes they are mental, there are also spiritual ones or a combination of all of them resulting in: a bitter and lethal cocktail. The WHO (World Health Organization) estimates that around 800,000 people commit suicide every year in the world; For each act completed, they estimate that there are 20 to 30 more suicide attempts: the most important risk factor is precisely an unsuccessful suicide attemptEvery 40 seconds a person can end his life in that way, so it is of 'vital' importance to identify the groups at risk and know the warning signs of possible suicide.

Content

  • 1 Suicidal category
  • 2 Epigenetics and suicide
  • 3 Suicidal ideation
  • 4 Chain of tears
  • 5 Perception of 'feeling of burden'
  • 6 Stigma of mental illness and suicide
  • 7 Signs of a possible suicide
  • 8 Triggers of suicide
  • 9 Self-preservation attachment vs. Suicide
  • 10 I suspect someone wants to commit suicide ...

Suicide category

Suicide represents the second cause of death among the age group between 15 and 29 years and the third cause among people aged 15 to 44 years. Are suicides a merely selfish act? Émile Durkheim classified suicides into four categories:

1) Altruistic: it happens when the individual believes that his family or some social group (collective) would be better without them, it can be sharp, mandatory or optionalThis includes suicides associated with terrorist acts.

2) Selfish: when emotional ties are not enough reason to live.

3) TOnomadic: lack of norms or inability of the social structure to provide individuals with what is necessary to achieve society's goals, it may be due to strong political and social problems.

4) Fatalist: The "iron cage" is so tight that the person is in a situation where he cannot conceive of the possibility of escape.

Epigenetics and suicide

Genetics and epigenetics also play an important role in suicidal tendencies: "Our environment affects our genetic expression," gross mode, This is called epigenetics.. Scientists from Uppsala University in Sweden, from the Karolinska Institute and from the University of Umea observed that epigenetic modifications in the CRH gene, produced by the release of certain hormones when there is excess stress, are associated with psychiatric conditions in adolescents and increases the risk of suicidal ideation in adults (2018).

Suicidal ideation

What are some of the thoughts that people who want to end their life have? Many of them keep within themselves a deep feeling that the world or their family would be better off without them; others, they feel so invisible that they believe they are not necessary, there are those who think that no one will miss their absence, those who are so tired of being so “visible”, that for various reasons their greatest desire is to sleep and never wake up, they think that: “The happiest day of his life, he will be the one without a tomorrow,” as Kurt Cobain said. Luxury, glamor, beauty and fame, what many want, is also a heavy burden, some crowns can be heavy to carry.

Chain of tears

People who lose someone loved in this way, generally feel guilt and deep regret, coupled with the lack of understanding and the "finger of derision" of many who rush to point them out, so they prefer to avoid the issue, this Far from helping, it often increases discomfort and conflict. It is necessary to talk about suicide with the right people, those who can help overcome the terrible loss or at least relieve their pain a little.

The suffering that seems endless, the one that results for the intolerable person, to the point of wanting to end his life, attends to a psychopathological condition that must be taken care of, it is not just about "wanting", or "being positive or ceasing to be negative", the truth is that many of them have the sensation that nobody and nothing can help them overcome that pain, many have tried Sincerely "all or almost everything", how much was in your hands to change that fateful destiny:

Feeling my way through the darkness, guided by my beating heart, all this time I was finding myself ... And I didn't know I was lost. ... I tried to carry the weight of the world. But I only have two hands ... I'm not afraid to close my eyes" Avicci, Wake Me Up

Perception of 'feeling of burden'

Many suicides have the "perception of feeling of burden" as Thomas Joiner, a researcher and expert on the subject of suicide, calls it; some think: "I won't bother you or affect you anymore!" "They'll be much better without me" "I'm just a hindrance in your life", are examples of the typical suicidal ideation, the reality that statistics show us, is that it is not as they thought, because for each person who dies in this way, approximately 6 others, on average, are affected in some way, why, when many of them pretended sincerely just the opposite with his death? Because human beings, we are social entities, our actions have an impact on life or sometimes even on the death of our fellow men: “homo homini lupus”…

'Man is the wolf of man himself', a phrase attributed to the illustrious Thomas Hobbes and Plauto Is that genetic difference of less than one percent between us, as human beings, so great that throughout history it has divided us and sometimes tried to "decimate" as a species?

The numbers show us that the safest thing is that there is more than one person who cares in the world or you can get to care. Just in case you become one of them, if you feel sincere desires to die, or if you know someone who appreciates who is in a similar situation: a little more resilience I ask, “listen to the sigh in the wind, the time changes everything, but you have to wait ”(Lacrimosa).

Do not be afraid of life, think it is worth living, and believing this will help you to make it happen" William James

Stigma of mental illness and suicide

WHO warns that statistical estimates of suicides may be below reality, being a subject surrounded by stigmas, they infer that some cases that are presented as "deaths" were also suicidal. Eduard Punset said they came to the conclusion that between 40 and 44% of people who have a relative or close person in love who committed suicide, would lie about the causes of his death.

Mental disorders have been stigmatized throughout our history, partly because sometimes "we fear the different" and the lack of culture in general about them as well as their possible treatments. Today, more and more people are joining the campaign, many celebrities with mental disorders, start talking about this, to try to sensitize the population, "Just as the body can get sick, so does the mind"Many of these conditions have a biological basis, it can happen even to a person who "seems" to have everything like them, they are diseases that need treatment.

Signs of a possible suicide

The first and most important is: have previous suicide attempts.

Teen research shows that of those who self-harm, approximately 70% commit a suicide attempt. So it is not very accurate to say that they do it just to "get attention", because they still require professional attention. Some situations of self-injury can be: cut, burn, bite, scratch until bleeding, pinch, fracture or "have accidents frequently." Other ways to self-destruct is avoiding eating or throwing up what they ingest, They are behaviors that can also have lethal consequences, it happens with eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia.

Human beings are social beings, more information, cohesion, inclusive, constructive and less destructive connectivity are needed: A protection factor is to strengthen emotional and social ties, so that they act as support “networks”.

Stay firm, even if you know you are falling, you may be, but you are still alive. Get ready! Avicci

Triggers of suicide

What are the triggers that lead people to make the decision to commit suicide? Studies show that love breakups and the separation of the couple are one of the most apparent 'apparent motives', with 44% of cases of completed suicides, some others are: abuse, violence, sexual abuse, poor academic grades , being fired from a job, economic crisis, comorbidity with long-term physical illnesses where chronic pain coexists, social problems such as discrimination, financial problems, when the death of a loved one cannot be overcome, when experiencing own hormonal changes of the stages of development, in the face of vital crises such as "the empty nest syndrome", among others. State disorders are common and should be treated properly to avoid the most fatal complications such as suicide.

It is necessary to educate the new generations on neuroscience issues, teach them to manage their emotions and promote tolerance and respect, towards themselves and others, the increase in school violence and cyberbullying, are issues that should get our attention As parents, we have cases of children, youth and adults who had been harassed and molested by these means for years, before making a fateful decision, many stalkers do so through false profiles.

Self-preservation attachment Suicide

Why are some people able to overcome their attachment to self-preservation? Why do they lose some fear of death and pain? It is common in situations of violence and other captivity where people feel trapped, in the middle of tears and pain that seems not to end up losing their fear of death, those who commit suicide have generally caressed, nurtured and evolved in these ideas. for months or even years, so they start to get used, many began self-injuring or with highly self-destructive behaviors, such as the consumption or abuse of alcohol and other substances.

No doubt the dependence on people, substances and behaviors, are factors of great weight in the "balance" at the end time. Although there may be many triggers to commit suicide, they are often like the 'tip of an iceberg', in most cases, the problem is much deeper and denser, it involves complex psychopathologies, such as major depressive disorder or bipolar , Often these are 'fed' for months or years, if we add the excessive stress, which is a major health threat, the risks of generating suicidal ideation multiply.

I suspect someone wants to commit suicide ...

Do you know someone like that? If you are told that you want to end your life, the comment should be taken into account, do your best to try to listen, understand and contain the person. Sometimes it is difficult to know how to react to this, especially when we know that they are capable of it, so we try to rush to "try to encourage" or "distract the person", avoid talking about the issue or get out of it with some joke, does not help much, especially when there are clear signs that it is decided.

What can I do when I think someone can commit suicide? The most advisable is try to make him postpone his decision for a while and seek professional help as soon as possibleIt is not good to try to deal with a situation that can get out of your hands at any time, it is necessary to get in touch with trusted people who can help you, they require psychotherapeutic and psychopharmacological treatment as soon as possible, remember that The life of the person is at stake. Encouraging results and forecasts have been shown when both types of intervention are combined.

The treatment psychotherapeutic should be indicated by psychiatrists or trained doctors, self-medication is not advisable, since the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of the medications in each organism is different, Some medicines commonly used for common diseases, as well as their interaction, generate as a side effect: precisely suicidal ideation, so the situation could be complicated instead of improving it. The medication of this type usually acts differently, so the patient will have to go through a period of adjustment, in case of feeling bad, he can go back to his doctor or seek another medical opinion, remember that it is his right as patient.

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