Alexis de Tocqueville He was a French thinker, jurist and historian who lived between the years 1805 and 1859. Firm defender of democratic liberalism, he warned that democracy can be perverted through the sectarian interests of an oligarchy, socialism and demagogy, giving rise to what called "democratic despotism".
This perversion of the system would have the appearance of a democracybut its moral, his press, his government and its laws They would be completely corrupted. The whole apparatus of democracy would therefore be contrary to the people. For example, confiscatory taxes, tyrannical governments, totalitarianism, amorality, corruption and laws restricting freedom, press sold to the oligarchy, etc.
Alexis de Tocqueville was radically contrary to the slavery and at extermination of the natives from North America, he wrote several works about it. Always defended the freedom of the individual and the equality before the law.
Alexis de Tocqueville not only is he known for his political reflections, for the freedom and of the democracy, and against the tyranny of oligarchs, revolutionaries Y socialists, also contributed great reflections for life. Next we will see some of them.
Famous phrases by Alexis de Tocqueville
"When the past no longer illuminates the future, the spirit walks in darkness."
"Life is to assume with courage."
"Life is neither a pleasure nor a pain, but a very serious business that has been entrusted to us and that we must carry honestly to the end."
"I would have loved freedom, I believe, at any time, but in the times we are in, I feel inclined to worship it."
"It is easier for the world to accept a simple lie than a complex truth."
"Those who despise people can never make the most of others or themselves."
"The parties are an inherent evil of free governments."
"Socialism is a new form of slavery."
“I am deeply democratic, for this reason I am not in any way socialist. Democracy and socialism cannot go together. You can't have both. ”
“Well, I don't believe that at some time slavery has been useful to life and social welfare. I would believe it, if I had not yet concluded that at any time the institution of slavery has been good and legitimate. ”
"In a revolution, as in a novel, the hardest part is inventing the end."
"The principle of equality does not destroy the imagination, but reduces its flight to the ground level."
"We are sleeping on a volcano ... A wind of revolution hits us, the storm is on the horizon."
"Equality is a slogan based on envy."
"The excesses committed in the name of freedom can make her hateful, but they are not an obstacle for her to be beautiful and necessary."
“As I study more the old state of the world, and I see more in detail the world of our days; when I consider the prodigious diversity that exists there, not only between the laws, but between the principles of the laws, and the different forms that it has taken and that it retains, even today, whatever is said, the property right of the earth, I am tempted to believe that what we call necessary institutions are not often but institutions that we have become accustomed to, and that in matters of social constitution, the field of the possible is so vast that the men who live in each society can't even imagine it. ”
"A new political science is needed for a totally new world."
“After the general idea of virtue, I don't know of any more beautiful than that of rights, or rather, these two ideas come together. The idea of rights is nothing other than the idea of virtue introduced into the political world. It is with the idea of rights that men have defined what licentiousness and tyranny were. Clarified by her, each one has been able to be independent without arrogance and submitted without insolence. The man who obeys the violence submits and lowers himself; but when he submits to the right of command that he acknowledges in his opinion, he rises somehow above the one who sends him. There are no great men without virtue; Without respect for rights there is no great people: one can almost say that there is no society; because what is a meeting of rational and intelligent beings in which force is the only relationship? ”
"What we used to call necessary institutions, are often institutions that we have become accustomed to."
“God does not have to speak so that we can discover, definitively, signs of his will; it is enough to examine the normal course of nature and the consequent tendency of events. ”