Falling in love is defined as an emotional state in which a person feels powerfully attracted to another. If we analyze it from its biochemical bases, we can see that it is a process that originates in the cerebral cortex, later it is directed towards the endocrine system, where certain physiological and chemical changes in the hypothalamus by the action of the dopamine.
Love and falling in love are not the same, and it is easy to confuse them. Falling in love is like a emotional burst, much more intense than the love we know, but on the contrary it is a passing state.
Helen Fisher, an anthropologist at Rutgers University and an expert in the biology of love, has determined that during the phase of falling in love that humans experience, the brain goes through a process that is considered unique, since those changes are not experienced in others life moments.
When we fall in love the effects we can experience are
- Intense feeling of joy and happiness.
- Increase in energy
- Feeling of euphoria and being able to do everything.
- Loss of the normal biological rhythm of sleep and even insomnia.
- Generalized tremor
- Incrise of cardiac frecuency.
It is estimated that people who are in love spend on average more than 85% of the hours of the day thinking about the person they love. And the funny thing is that they don't think about it consciously, but that the brain itself elaborates intrusive thoughts, which appear suddenly and without being evoked.
Intrusive thoughts are part of the basis of a given obsession. It's something like not being able to take a certain idea or image from your mind even if you want. It can be comparable to how when we "hit" a song and sing it endless times without even realizing it.
The biological reason for the obsession in love seems to be related to a decrease in the level of serotonin in the brain. In fact, people diagnosed with obsessive compulsive disorder, at an organic level, suffer the same decrease in serotonin and also have intrusive thoughts during the day.
One of the most shocking discoveries of the many that have been made about the neuroscience of love is that, in our brain, falling in love has an effect very similar to that of a drug.
If you've ever thought that love makes we become addicted to someone specifically it is because you have experienced a phenomenon that neuroscientists have verified in laboratory environments.
When we fall in love with someone, our brain learns to secrete itself a lot of substances that produce a state of acute ecstasy, which comes suddenly.
Falling in love is like throwing off a cliff. Your brain screams that it is not a good idea and that pain and damage will inevitably come to you. But your heart thinks it can rise, slide and fly ”, by Marie Coulson.