The latest advances in Neurosciences They lead us to have knowledge and praxis applicable in the field of psychotherapy. For example, we know how the brain establishes a trauma and how it can reprocess it. This allows us to generate a body of new techniques and methodologies. They are effective to overcome traumas, phobias, anxiety disorders, states of sadness or grief, to give some examples, in a very short time and with lasting results over time.
- 1 The new neuroscientific therapies
- 2 EMDR therapy
- 3 Brain Integration Therapies
- 4 Brainspotting
The new neuroscientific therapies
This set of new therapies receive several names: neuroscientific therapies, reprocessing therapies, neurobiological, neurocerebral, neurotherapies or therapies with neurological bases. All of them have been scientifically proven and new advances and methodologies continually appear. Some of the main ones would be: EMDR (Desensitization and Reprocessing by Eye Movements), Wingwave Coaching, ICT (Brain Integration Techniques) and Brainspotting.
The first of these is EMDR (Desensitization and Reprocessing through Eye Movements), led by Francine Shapiro in his discovery in the late 80's. The American psychologist worked emulating the eye movement of the REM Phase. By having the patient follow the sets or horizontal movements produced by the therapist with his fingers, he could obtain the same restorative effects as during deep sleep or REM phase. When sleeping we move our eyes at great speed; This natural mechanism allows reprocessing lived experiences and also reducing or eliminating stress. With these movements we allow stress levels in the tonsil to be reduced.
Later, in 2001 the Wingwave Coaching, from the hand of Cora Besser and her husband Harry Siegmund. This therapy is an evolution of the previous one and combines the ocular or flutter movements (in the three levels, above, in the middle and below), in addition to a Bi-Digital test or O-Ring test, by Dr. Yoshiaki Omura, which It allows measuring the response to stress and NLP through Rapport (creating tuning with the client) and Feedback (in order to have a fluid communication and in constant connection with the client). Wingwave Coaching allows us to get to the root of the trauma or blockage, in addition to working with future goals or objectives. The ocular movements in the three positions also allow to reduce the levels of stress in the tonsil.
Brain Integration Therapies
In the same period the TIC, Brain Integration Therapies, with Dr. Pablo Solvey and Dr. Raquel Ferrazzano de Solvey, who argue that when we suffer from stress or of any other kind of difficulty, our hemispheres are out of sync. The work we do through the Hemispheric Eyeglass Technique and the One Eye at a Time Technique is to alternately stimulate the left hemisphere and the right hemisphere so that they are synchronized again, thus achieving a reprocessing of the experience. Their studies also prove that each hemisphere perceives the experience in a particular way, and that when the two are integrated is when we can overcome that conflict or that disturbance. With hemispheric synchronization, the change of brain wave stages is facilitated, reducing disturbance levels.
And finally in 2003, Brainspotting was born, with Dr. David Grand who, working with EMDR, discovered Brainspots, or access points to experience. They are ocular positions where the person manifests a greater activation or load of emotional material. We can detect a Brainspot through a stick or pointer, exploring the different axes ("x axis" in horizontal, "y axis" in vertical and "z axis" in depth). Once connected with the experience, the person is asked to observe that emotion or situation without any kind of judgment (focused Mindfulness). The work of dual tuning (client - therapist) and neurological tuning (focus where the problem is and bring the resources available for reprocessing and resolution), allows the person to work what happened until there is no sensation, emotion or disturbance thought. With the self-observation of sensations, we allow a decrease in disturbance, especially in the subcortical structures of the brain. It is for this reason that reprocessing is deeper.
All these therapies represent new challenges for psychologists and health therapists. Sometimes we can be reluctant to believe that a trauma of many years can be overcome with a few sessions, but the truth is that the brain has all the necessary self-healing mechanisms to reprocess it, we just have to take advantage of them and strengthen them.
Here is an introductory video about Neuroscientific Therapies: