How to lead our inner monologue to improve all aspects of our lives, from work to love.
The doctor Carol Dweck She is a professor of Psychology at Stanford University and considered one of the most important researchers in the world in the field of personality, social psychology, motivation and development.
Fixed mindset vs. growth mindset
For this renowned psychologist there are two types of mentalities that define our thinking, on the one hand there is the fixed mindset and on the other the growth mindset. If we recognize and use this growth mindset, we can achieve success not only professionally, but in any facet of our life.
Dweck proposes in his famous book "Mindset: the attitude of success" questions about ourselves to understand how ideas about our personality and our way of being, influence us in our day to day and determine our actions in the present. Proposes change the preconceived ideas we have in order to enhance our chances of success and personal growth.
How does a growth mindset benefit us?
According to Dweck, individuals can be placed on a continuum according to their personal views about where it comes from each other's ability. Some believe that their success is based on the innate ability; these are said to have a "fixed" theory of intelligence (fixed mindset). Others believe that their success is based on hard work, the learning, training and tenacity, understanding this as a "growth" or a theory of "increase" in intelligence (growth mindset).
Individuals may not necessarily be aware of their own way of thinking, but this can be discerned based on their behavior. It is especially evident in his reaction to failure. Fixed-minded individuals fear failure because for them it is a negative statement in their abilities, while growth-minded individuals do not fear failure, because they realize their value and that it is another way to learn and improve.
These two ways of thinking play an important role in all aspects of a person's life. Dweck argues that The growth mindset will allow a person to live a less stressful and more successful life. In his own words:
"With a fixed mindset the students believe that their basic skills, their intelligence and their talent are only traits of their personality. They think they have a certain capacity and that it is immovable. With a growth mindset the students understand that their talents and skills can be developed through effort, teaching and persistence. They don't think that everyone is the same, nor that anyone can be Einstein, but they believe that anyone can be smarter if they work on it. "
This is important because individuals with a "growth" mentality are more likely to continue working hard despite the setbacks. This theory has also been transferred to children and teaching, for example, in studies conducted by Dweck, children who received praise such as "good job, you are very smart"They were much more likely to develop a fixed mindset, while compliments such as"good job, you worked very hard", led the little ones to more easily develop a growth mindset. In other words, it is possible to encourage students, for example, to persist despite failure, encouraging them to think about learning in a certain way.
The power of our beliefs, both conscious and unconscious, can have a profound impact on almost every aspect of our lives.
The consequences of believing that intelligence and personality can develop instead of thinking that they are something immutable and rooted in our being, opens the doors to multiple possibilities. And in fact, if this were not so, Psychology as a treatment for dysfunctions of the mind would have no reason to exist.
Infographic by bogotapsicologos.com.co