Any consciousness theory it can exist independently of the reality of human nature; its norms must go hand in hand with the experience of living a human life.
Our understanding of the brain and nervous system It comes largely from the knowledge that derives from mental illnesses and diseases. Neuroscience in this sense is certainly interesting, but it is often applied in a limited and dogmatic way, too rigid to be useful in the development of a theory of consciousness.
The influence of the psychopharmacology, to a large extent, it establishes the belief that neurotransmitters and brain chemistry are the undisputed basis of consciousness and psychiatry, a profitable and therefore very questionable construction. But a true theory of consciousness must take into account much more than just neurotransmitters and brain chemistry; it must take into account human nature, the way it manifests in the brain and body, how it develops and organized, and how everything evolved.
More and more research studies show that many mental disorders listed in DSM5 could be treated successfully by intentional deactivation of problematic limbic circuits in our brain. To understand this process we have to consider how limbic-cortical processes develop in our brain.
It is believed that in the limbic system The organization of consciousness is generated.
The development of consciousness
According to the limbic-cortical theory, the development of consciousness begins to be generated in very early stages of life. Their first genesis occurs in babies, once they reach around six weeks old, at which time the limbic-cortical system is mature enough to create a senseless feeling of "being," like a formless I. The first mapping of the experience begins while the baby is still in the womb, when the limbic cortex is forming, and continues as the child relates to the maternal environment.
As the baby becomes a small child, it absorbs like a "sponge" huge amounts of information from its surroundings, information with which the limbic cortex creates a "map" based on experiences and creating a definite sense of " I "and the" others. " This concept becomes more and more orderly, until it reaches the symbolic stage, or consciousness, which is a representation with images in the mind, a creation of the child's imagination. Thus arises the first true sense of the child about himself.
This self-image is in continuous construction, changing and evolving during childhood and adolescence through the already established limbic-cortical brain maps, which govern through the fairly automatic processing of throughout the entire cerebral cortex, guiding the child through life. The awareness therefore, it is not found in a specific region of the cortex, but can be seen as a product of the entire system. Each part of the crust serves this whole mission, instead of existing by itself.
This is the reason why abuses during these formative years can mark, and in fact do, the selfconcept of a person for the rest of his life. When the brain is excessively stimulated, the reserves of serotonin and this causes dysfunctional attempts at coping that, over time, can be linked to a metal disorder.
Application of the limbic-cortical theory of consciousness to treat mental disorders
The hope for people with mental illness lies in the fact that these cortical assignments learned can actually be changed. Problem circuits can be "deactivated" for lack of use, and more functional circuits can be activated instead, built through new and better experiences.
This change is initiated through a grieving process, in which the old circuits begin to fade into the limbic system, and new strategies are created with the help of conscious change.
In this process, much of the psychotherapy, in the main idea that new circuits and brain connections can be created thanks to new experiences and knowledge, replacing old, dysfunctional and painful ones.