Disorder of written expression or Dysgraphia

Disorder of written expression or Dysgraphia


  • 1 What is dysgraphia?
  • 2 Disorders associated with dysgraphia
  • 3 Prevalence of dysgraphia
  • 4 Start and Course of Dysgraphia
  • 5 Differential diagnosis of dysgraphia
  • 6 Recovery from dyslexia and dysgraphia

What is dysgraphia?

Also known as Dysgraphia, it is a significant alteration of the ability of written expression, not due to cognitive deficit, or inadequate schooling, and that usually presents a combination of deficits in the composition of written texts, showing grammatical or punctuation errors, poor organization of the paragraphs, multiple spelling errors, and very poor spelling. It should not be diagnosed if there are only misspellings or bad calligraphy.

Disorders associated with dysgraphia

It usually comes associated with Reading Disorder or Calculation. There may also be deficits in language and perceptomotor skills. Virtually always associated with others Learning Disorders.

Prevalence of dysgraphia

Very little is known about the prevalence of the disorder.

Start and Course of Dysgraphia

Although signs may be noted in preschool or at the beginning of the 1st grade course, it is not usually diagnosed until the end of this course, and it is common for the disorder to become apparent in the 2nd grade. Little is known about its long-term prognosis.

Differential diagnosis of dysgraphia

Differential diagnosis must be made with the Coordination Development Disorder, since it would not show such obvious misspellings.

Their distinction from normal variations in academic performance becomes apparent when the reasons that motivated it end.

The distinction of this disorder with the lack of opportunity, with poor teaching and with cultural factors that hinder the learning of written expression, can be made by the means described in the case of Reading Disorder or Calculus Disorder.

Dyslexia and dysgraph recovery

Initiation Level

  • Mental Activity Exercises: Attention and memory; Seriations; Discrimination
  • Perceptual-Motor Exercises: Colors; Sizes; Shapes; Body scheme; Symmetry; Space: Temporary
  • Language Exercises: Name objects and drawings; Define them by use; Describe plates; Say related names by topic; Tell stories and talk with the child
  • Pre-reading and Pre-writing exercises: Swipe your paths; Chopped; Reviewed

Elemental level

  • Mental Activity Exercises: Attention and memory; Seriations; Discrimination
  • Perceptual-Motor Exercises: Colors - Shapes - Sizes; Body scheme; Space; Temporary
  • Language Exercises: Define things; Describe plates; Name objects with their spatial situation; Establish qualitative comparisons; Say all possible names on a topic; Say similar or opposite qualities of given names; Make sentences with given words; Tell tales
  • Reading and Writing Exercises: Recognition and reading of vowels, digits and consonants; Recognition and reading of direct syllables in order of difficulty; Training and reading syllables with one? given consonant, of words of direct syllables; Comprehensive word reading.
  • Cutting straight lines, curves, and schematic drawings; Chopping of lines, curves and drawings; Writing vowels, digits, consonants, direct syllables, forming the word corresponding to a drawing with single letters (already made or writing them).

School level

  • Mental Activity Exercises:
  • Serial drawings of increasing complexity; Attention and memory; Discrimination.
  • Perceptual-Motor Exercises: Body scheme (direct and reflex); Movement (static, dynamic equilibrium, calculation: of distances, relaxation); Spatial (relative position, orientation on plane and in; reality); Temporary (hours in clocks, duration of days, etc.); Rhythm.
  • Language Exercises: Verbal stimulation; Descriptive definitions; Opposites; Synonyms; Verbal fluency; Preparation of sentences given one, two or three words.
  • Reading Exercises: Recognize and read inverse and compound syllables; Decompose words by letters and syllables; You would form with inverse and compound syllables; Comprehensive reading aloud; Silent reading; Compliance with written orders.
  • Writing Exercises: Copy; Simple dictation; Small writings

Strengthening Level

  • Mental Activity Exercises: Sedations of numbers, gradually more complex letters; Attention and memory (more complex auditory exercises are introduced); Discrimination.
  • Perceptual-Motor Exercises: Body scheme (axis crossing, reflex, positions with respect to oneself); Movement (Calculation of distances, static balance, dynamic and relaxation)
  • Space-Time Orientation Exercises: Graphics (signs with different orientation, copy of figures in grid, memory, orientation in a plane); Development of geometric figures; Temporary (calendar, clock, comics, calculation of time periods, rhythm); Relationship of space and time.
  • Language Exercises: Definition of abstract terms; Dictionary management; Verbal fluency; Synonyms and antonyms; Complete, order or make sentences with verbal variations; Directed conversation
  • Reading Exercises: Word separation in a paragraph; Punctuation of a text; Interpretation of phrases made (idioms, sayings).
  • Writing Exercises: Writing, Crosswords, etc.