The way we think, the way we deal with problems, how we interact with others or how we handle everyday stress is a reflection of our psychological health. For this reason, if we enjoy good mental health we will be better prepared to face the problems and enjoy a better quality of life.
What is psychological health?
The psychological health is the result of a balance in all areas of life (personal, emotional, social and work / academic). This should not be understood only as the absence of disease, but as a state of physical and mental well-being. Therefore, psychological care should not be understood as something that is resorted to when you have a mental illness, but as the basis for successfully using our mental, social and sentimental abilities in our day-to-day lives.
The incorrect handling of emotions is one of the main reasons for psychological consultation. A person with good mental health accepts and experiences both positive and negative emotions. Channeling the latter will help us improve what has failed, adapt to change or loss and face new adversities with a new and realistic perspective.
Enjoying good mental health also means having healthy habits, such as a balanced diet, adequate sleep and regular physical activity. If you want to read my article about the psychological benefits of physical activity, access this link.
Keys to good psychological health
You can take an active role to improve your mental health, which will affect you both psychologically and physically. Here are 10 keys to good psychological health:
1. Interest in yourself
People with good psychological health put (even a little) their interests before those of others. You can give everything to help a loved one, but without this mentally nullifying you. Feel worthy of happiness: if you are not well, you will hardly be able to help another person.
2. Social interest
Although there are more outgoing people than others, a person with good mental health cares and interacts with their social group, which is necessary to live happily and comfortably by sharing interests and knowledge, receiving and giving support or establishing friendly, sentimental relationships. and labor.
Here I refer to emotional self-sufficiency. The less dependent on this aspect, the more safe your self-esteem will be. It does not mean that you stop meeting new people, or love others less, but it does not have to need or depend on a person to be happy or perform pleasant activities.
4. Frustration tolerance
If failure is not an option for you, if you need everything to go as you had planned or imagined, when something does not go as you thought it will generate frustration. Frustration will not help you improve your situation, feel disappointed or disappointed instead, it will encourage you to actively pursue other goals or use strategies other than those that have failed.
5. Mental flexibility
Mentally rigid people can get frustrated very easily, since they interpret that things"they have to be like this"and if something does not go as they want or expect, it is a disaster for them. Being mentally flexible means being open to change, accepting opinions different from ours and being tolerant of what is not to your liking.
6. Accept that you cannot control the future
An immense amount of fears and anxieties come from the way we face the events that happen to us in life. All people experience unpleasant situations (close deaths, job losses, breakup of couples, fights with friends, in short, problems). How you deal with them will determine that they annul you, or that you adapt to change to continue with your life.
7. Accept unconditionally
Recognize that you have mistakes, that you are not perfect and that you can be wrong is to accept yourself unconditionally. Do things for wanting to do them and not for the approval of others. Your worth does not depend on your achievements but on your values and attitudes.
8. Know how to postpone gratifications
What is the use of postponing something that gives me pleasure if I can have it already? Some goals that we set in life require determination and effort, and the benefits are obtained in the long term. It is not about resigning oneself to not enjoying the present, but to taking into account tomorrow.
9. Don't be too perfectionist
If everything you propose you feel that you have to do it perfectly, you will experience high levels of anxiety, and when your expectations of achievement are not met you will experience a sense of failure. If failure is always associated with your personal worth (internal attribution), you will be devaluing yourself, affecting this failure to your self-esteem.
Having ambition and desire to do things right is not bad as long as it does not affect our personal worth. Recognize your right to make mistakes and not be perfect to experience your experiences in a healthier way.
10. Take responsibility for your emotions
If you take care of your emotional and emotional alterations instead of blaming the conditions of the environment or others, you can work to change (or accept) what has caused you discomfort. Introspection can be trained and the more you master the better you can reflect on your own moods.
I hope this article has been to your liking. If you want more information, I will be happy to assist you.
- Marín, N. L. (2006). The rational emotional therapy of Albert Ellis. Northern mental health, 6(25), 16.
- Restrepo Ochoa, D. A., & Jaramillo Estrada, J. C. (2012). Concepts of mental health in the field of public health.