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Anxiety, causes, symptoms and treatment

Anxiety, causes, symptoms and treatment

Anxiety disorders are usually seen as something negative, such as a mental illness, but unlike other psychopathologies, we can consider it as a symptomatology that indicates a disorder in life or in other words, if a person has anxiety it is because something in their Life is not going well.

Content

  • 1 Causes of anxiety
  • 2 Symptoms of anxiety
  • 3 Anxiety treatment

Causes of anxiety

The causes of anxiety can be multiple and even a combination of them.

I have met people with anxiety crisis for various reasons, some for unprocessed traumas, others for various reasons, as a woman for working too much since she had won two contracts of which she felt very proud but at the same time had the feeling of abandoning to his family (the cause in this case would be very simplified but this aspect would be the core of it).

Frequently the one who suffers the crises can think that in his life everything is going well, that there is no factor that creates excessive stress. So we are facing an unconscious cause, difficult to identify and therefore difficult to address. (Sometimes, in these cases, the hypothesis is raised that the cause is a chemical disorder by itself, but in my opinion, if "our inner chemistry" is not going well, it is because of what happens to us in our daily lives) .

Anxiety symptoms

Anxiety and fear can manifest in many ways. The most common symptoms are:

  • Muscle tension or irritability
  • Palpitations or fast heart
  • Nausea, dizziness or dizziness
  • Need to avoid some sites or people
  • Cold or sticky hands or feet
  • Waves of heat, chills or trembling
  • Embarrassment
  • Continuous doubts or concerns
  • Fear of having a heart attack or something serious

Some people who suffer from anxiety problems may experience an anxiety crisis (or sudden and very high anxiety) when they encounter certain people or animals. It is also possible to suffer anxiety crisis in situations such as flying by plane, going to an elevated floor or entering a very small space. Other people have these crises unexpectedly and with nothing to cause them, apparently.

Anxiety treatment

The anxiety treatment It can be done at two levels:

Coping with anxiety state.

Identification, description and management of the cause.

In the first block would enter all those strategies that can help the patient to relieve and make the anguish no longer go to crisis. The anguish is a matter of level, sometimes one will feel a slight anxiety and can increase until it reaches a crisis where the subject can tremble, have tachycardias, feel paralyzed, and ultimately to spend a terrifying bad time.

There are, therefore, relaxation strategies, eliminating the stress produced by the short-term environment, and ultimately, ways to deal with the crisis (First of all one must know that nothing will happen to him).

It is important to try to use reason in the early stages of anguish as it is also not being tired and having slept well.

I also emphasize that we have to face. You can't stay at home. Most likely, the one who has suffered a panic attack, then be afraid to be in the place where it happened or in a similar situation, but not to get worse with phobias and depressions (although at some point it will be difficult not to be depressed) we must overcome fear and face it.

A drug treatment alone can make the symptom disappear, but not the cause, so when leaving the medication, relapse is likely unless the causative factor has been eliminated on its own while taking the medication.

Then we see that it is usually necessary to identify the cause, a task that may require months, and then be able to address it.

You have to get in treatment in the hands of experts. There are several treatments and effective, some people will work better one and others.

Cognitive-behavioral treatment with a possible pharmacological help is the most common treatment today. I open the door to psychoanalytic treatment (integrating if the use of anxiolytics or the drug that the doctor deems appropriate to improve the patient's quality of life is deemed convenient).

It is among other things, a psychotherapeutic technique to help individuals improve their mental health, reducing their suffering and increasing their ability to enjoy, encouraging dialogue taking into account not only anxiety and their motives, but also helping the patient to It is understood and developed, as Freud said, his abilities to love and work creatively.

Introductory video about what anxiety is:

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References

American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic criteria from DSM-IV-TR. Washington, D.C .: American Psychiatric Association.

Amorim, C. (1997). Adaptation of the Inventory of Anxiety Situations and Responses (ISRA) to the Brazilian population. Madrid: Complutense University of Madrid (doctoral thesis)

Barlow, D. H. (2002). Anxiety and its disorders: the nature and treatment of anxiety and panic (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press

Cano-Vindel, A. (1989). Cognition, emotion and personality: a study focused on anxiety. / Cognition, emotion and personality: a study focused in anxiety. Madrid: Complutense University

Cano-Vindel, A., & Miguel-Tobal, J. J. (1994). Psychology, Medicine and Health. (Monograph of 'Anxiety and Stress'). Murcia: Compobell

Echeburúa, E. (2002). Advances in the psychological treatment of anxiety disorders. Madrid: Pyramid

Miguel-Tobal, J. J., & Cano-Vindel, A. (2002). Inventory of anxiety situations and responses (ISRA): Manual. / Inventory of Situations and Responses of Anxiety (ISRA). Manual (5. rev. Ed.). Madrid: ASD

Peurifoy, R. Z. (2000). How to overcome anxiety: a revolutionary program to eliminate it definitively (2nd ed.). Bilbao: Descrée de Brouwer

Spielberger, C. D. (1972). Anxiety: Currents trends in theory and research. New York: Academic Press

//www.nhs.uk/conditions/generalised-anxiety-disorder/

//adaa.org/understanding-anxiety