Charles-Louis de Secondat, Lord of the Brède and Barón de Montesquieu (1689-1755) was an illustrious writer, novelist, philosopher, sociologist, historian, lawyer and French judge during the Age of Enlightenment.
In 1721, Montesquieu gained fame with the publication of Persian Letters, a satire of rich religions, monarchies and French under the pretext of being an epistolary novel, although he disdained me to call it that. He moved to Paris, traveled a lot and continued publishing, switching to political treaties as the consideration of the fall of Rome.
His masterpiece, Law spirit, published in 1748, had a huge influence on how governments should work, avoiding the classic definitions of it. He also established the idea of a separation of powers (legislative, executive and judicial) to more effectively propagate freedom. Although the Catholic Church included this book in its list of "forbidden books," the work definitely influenced the Declaration of the Rights of Man of France (Declaration of the Rights of Man and Cities) and the Constitution of the United States. Montesquieu later published his Defense of L'Esprit des Lois in 1750.
Do not miss these beautiful famous quotes of the Baron de Montesquieu.
Famous Montesquiu quotes
The word is half of who pronounces it, half of who listens to it.
Cowardice is the mother of cruelty.
It is necessary to have studied a lot to know little.
The one who fears suffering already suffers from what he fears.
The law must be like death, which does not except anyone.
Virtue must have limits.
To get success in the world, you have to look crazy and be wise.
The truth in one time is an error in another and vice versa.
Soon the arrogance of a beautiful woman tires; It never bores that of a good woman.
Divorce is indispensable in modern civilizations.
Before an envious man, I always praise those who make him pale.
Talent is a gift that God makes in secret, and that we reveal without knowing it.
There are two kinds of men: those who think and those who have fun.
The less man thinks, the more he speaks.
Happy the people whose story is read with boredom.
Governing a family is almost as difficult as ruling an entire kingdom.
Is there anything so sure, determined, dismissive, contemplative, serious, serious, like the donkey?
Friendship is a contract whereby we force ourselves to do small favors for others so that others make us great.
The trust in the goodness of others is a testimony not small of the goodness itself.
When men are reunited, they lose sense of their weakness.
Freedom is the right to do what the laws allow.
It is not convenient that, in a work, irony be continuous; Stop surprising.
The government should be established so that no man can fear another.
Modest men, you offer sweetness and charm to life.
The main occupation of my life is to have the best possible time.
Great God! How many things it takes to make one man happy!
The clearest test of wisdom is a continuous joy.
The reason is a pot with two handles: the same can be taken on the right as on the left.
What a peace of mind for all of us to know that there is in the heart of all men an inner principle that fights in our favor and puts us under cover of all the violence of the powerful!
The injustice done to one is only a threat addressed to all.
When a government lasts a long time, it gradually breaks down without noticing.
Useless laws weaken the necessary ones.
The love of the republic in a democracy is the love of equality.
Men are more capable of great actions than good actions.
Those who have little business to attend to are good charlatans, intellectuals and the busy speak less.
Nothing records something so firmly in our memory as the desire to forget it.
Blessed are the people whose annals are boring.
I do not share what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say so.
To most people I prefer to agree right away than listen to them.
When we have reached a category, we should not do anything that makes us appear inferior to it.
The talented man is naturally inclined to criticism, because he sees more things than other men and sees them better.
There is no greater and more common nonsense than to be bitter about the nonsense of the world.
To love reading is to change the hours of boredom that one has in life, for the most delicious hours.
In clothing, one must always remain below one's own resources.
The one who being angry imposes a punishment, does not correct, but to take revenge.
When men promise a woman that they will love her forever, they in turn assume that they promise to be always kind; If she misses her word, they don't think they are bound to his.
The study has been for me the complete remedy against the dislikes of life; I have never had an hour of sadness that an hour of reading has not dissipated.
I have never had a sadness that one hour of reading has failed to dissipate.
The passion of most French people is to have ingenuity; and the passion of those who want to have ingenuity is to write books.
To judge great and noble things it is necessary to possess a soul that is both great and noble.
If it were enough for us to be happy, the thing would be very easy; but we want to be happier than others, and this is almost always impossible, because we believe that others are much happier than they really are.
There is no tyranny worse than that exercised in the shadow of the laws and with appearances of justice.
We men boast of being more evil than we really are.
I have always observed that to succeed in life you have to be understood, but appear as a fool.
One thing is not fair because it is law. It must be law because it is fair.
To be really great, you have to be with people, not above them.
Nothing could be imagined worse; it seemed that nature had arranged for the nonsense of men to be temporary, but books make them immortal.
An injustice made to the individual is a threat made to the whole society.
I don't find myself where I look. I find myself by surprise when I least expect it.
Just as there are an infinite number of very discreet things directed in a crazy way, there are also crazy things conducted with the greatest discretion.
Bankers go to take advances, their art is to take advantage of their funds without being accused of usury.
Instead of a great treasure a great town cools you.
Men end up getting used to everything, even servitude, as long as the master is no harder than the servitude itself.
What brings man closer to the condition of a beast is not to be free where others are. And who lives like this, is a natural enemy of society.
To know if everyone's wishes are legitimate, everyone's needs must be seen.
I believe that as long as one has not read all the old books, there is no reason to read the modern ones.
Bad laws made men lazy; for being lazy they were made slaves.
It is characteristic of intelligent beings to feel their imperfections.
I prefer to say that the right of slavery to contempt with which one nation looks at another, with no more foundation than the difference in customs,
Nature is fair to men: it rewards them; the work makes them laborious, because to greater jobs it grants greater rewards.
The force of the law is to be applicable to everyone.
If the triangles made a God, they would come up with three sides.
Every people knows, loves and defends their customs more than their laws.
It is necessary that religion does not encourage costly funerals. Is there anything more natural than dispensing with the difference of fortunes on a time when luck matches them all?
Democracy must be guarded from two excesses: the spirit of inequality, which leads to aristocracy, and the spirit of external equality, which leads to despotism.
The breakdown of every government begins with the decline of the principles on which it has been founded.
The nascent generation is not the one that degenerates; if it gets corrupted, it is that mature men were already corrupted.
A power ends up devouring everything else; two to face; three maintain the balance, so that, if two fight, the third party equally interested in the order will join the weakest side
The true strength of a prince does not consist so much in his ability to defeat his neighbors as in how difficult it can be for them to attack him.