Information

The treatment of anorexia nervosa

The treatment of anorexia nervosa

Family intervention, as well as appropriate doctors and specialists, is necessary for the recovery of anorexia nervosa. Good feelings and intentions, respect, sensitivity and good manners is very necessary to overcome the disorder and achieve the success of the intervention and recovery of the patient with anorexia.

The treatment must be carried out by a multidisciplinary team (doctors, nurses, psychologists ...) together with family support. As for the psychological part, cognitive behavioral therapy has proven to be the most effective in these cases. Doctors and psychiatrists are the most appropriate to start the process, setting guidelines, diets and in some cases, medications to take.

Each treatment must be individualized, since each person is different, even if they suffer the same, since you also have to take into account preferred foods in case of vegans, vegetarians, diabetics, people with a tendency to gain weight, etc. to achieve a normal weight within the BMI, equal to or greater than 18%, depending on each person and their body constitution, but always within the healthy limits for each patient. In cases where the patient has lost more than 25% of weight volume, there may be outpatient internment.

Guidelines for the recovery of anorexia

Nutrition therapy and modification of eating habits to achieve healthy weight.

As children, it should be taught that food is very necessary and vital for our survival, and that maintaining good healthy living habits will be the consequence of having a good body and excellent health. Respect and tolerance are necessary and fundamental, as well as the correct communication, good interaction, a good bond with the children and good manners in the family, since they facilitate a good reception at the time of eating or eating food, and being at the table sitting properly eating.

The most serious patients will be welcomed into a temporary residence to participate in a treatment program making sure they eat properly, and that they do not have any other type of health problem, such as heart disease, and making sure that the processes Brain, thoughts and feelings work correctly. Ensuring the balanced distribution of diet and healthy habits, avoiding pecking and limiting the consumption of sugars and highly industrialized products is very important, as well as avoid orthorexia and other disorders derived from the same anorexia.

Most patients with anorexia are usually afraid of gaining weight. With the professionals watching, the patient is prevented from purging and relaxing and verbalize thoughts and feelings associated with eating food and that you find it pleasant, since cockroaches and grasshoppers from Asia will not always be adequate, and you should not force yourself to eat foods that you do not like or do not feel good (realistically, if you are allergic to shellfish, you should not be given that product).

The family always has to support the medical team for a better result of the treatment, as well as helping and having patience with the patient, since it will not be the way of roses in most cases. The self-help parent groups They can be very useful, sharing the experiences of the situation and information obtained, so that they can be trained and therapeutic.

Some procedures that encourage control over binge eating include teaching the patient to:

  • Promote the basic principles of healthy eating behavior
  • Make four or five meals a day at least
  • Do not skip meals.
  • Eat based on a consistent schedule
  • Eat always sitting and slowly
  • Serve portions ranging from moderate to small
  • Leave food on the plate and throw away what is left over if necessary

Weight control

Weigh the affected person weekly and keep track of the weight.

Psychotherapy

It is about helping to communicate correctly and face to face with a professional specialized in the field to change any harmful thoughts or behavior. It is so important to talk about thoughts such as feelings, emotions, and how they affect what we do, both in men and women, focusing on eliminating their discomfort and working on their self-esteem and individuality, their ideas, focusing on their own ideas and interests. It can be both individual and group with other people suffering from anorexia. Combining it with behavioral and pharmacological treatment can be positive complementary guidelines to psychotherapy.

Support groups

It can be useful for some people with anorexia when it is supplemented with another treatment, in which they share their experiences and motivate themselves to get out of the disease.

Medications / drug treatment

Studies suggest that medications such as antidepressants or anxiolytics can help people with anorexia, since they counteract the symptoms of depression and anxiety, which can be causes as consequences of the disorder.

Regular Analytics

To ensure that physiological irregularities are not generated or corrected.

Control of activities, both physical and intellectual

In order to continue performing activities that do not put the heart at risk, it will always be better to keep track of it. Do not overdo it, but encourage them to exercise and find the exercise healthy.

Psychological help of deep brain stimulation

To correct those emotions or ideas that may have triggered a depressive or anxious pathology in extreme cases, it has recently been tested with brain stimulation by inserting electrodes that allow it to be stimulated in the corresponding areas.

Education

This part of therapy is very necessary. There is excessive worry or excessive reading in blogs, forums on the subject of nutrition and food, since there is a lot of false information on the internet. Education can help prevent and help be healthy, it is something to take into account the rest of life, since there may be relapses even eating well, or sometimes, especially adolescent girls, to enter pro-anorexia and bulimia page dynamics that suggest inappropriate patterns and inappropriate tips.

The therapy may last between 1 or 2 years. It should also be noted that they will need follow-up by a mental health professional for quite some time until they assess that they are totally healthy.

"Remember that tEvery living being needs to nourish and maintain health. ”

References

// blog / looking-for-the-perfect-body /
// blog / anorexia-masculina-y-sus-stigmas-socioculturales /
// blog / bulimia-and-anorexia-the-diseases-of-self-esteem /
//www.bezzia.com/la-anorexia-infantil-uno-de-los-problemas-frecuentes-en-los-pequenos/
//www.consalud.es/saludigital/120/estimulacion-cerebral-profunda-para-tratar-la-anorexia-nerviosa_53055_102.html
//www.mayoclinic.org/es-es/diseases-conditions/anorexia/symptoms-causes/syc-20353591
//www.cat-barcelona.com/treatment/trastorno-alimentario/
//espanol.womenshealth.gov/mental-health/mental-health-conditions/eating-disorders/anorexia-nervosa
//www.eluniversal.com.co/especiales/nueva/sobre-la-anorexia-la-obesidad%E2%80%A6-y-otros-demonios-89397