Gestalt Therapy: mind, body and soul

Gestalt Therapy: mind, body and soul

The Gestalt Therapy It is a form of psychotherapy that derives from the Gestalt school of thought. It was developed in the late 1940s by Fritz Perls and is guided by the principle of relational theory that Each individual is a whole (mind, body and soul).

The approach is largely focused on the self-awareness and the "here and now" (what's happening). In Gestalt Therapy, self awareness is the key to personal growth and the development of full potential. The approach recognizes that sometimes this self-awareness can be blocked by negative thinking patterns and behaviors that can make the person feel dissatisfied and dissatisfied.

It is the goal of a Gestalt therapist to promote a self-awareness that does not judge and allows clients to develop a unique perspective on life. By helping an individual to be more aware of what he thinks, feels and acts in the present moment, Gestalt Therapy gives an idea of ​​the ways in which he or she can alleviate his current problems and anguish in order to aspire to Your maximum potential.


  • 1 The key concepts of Gestalt Therapy
  • 2 How does Gestalt Therapy work?
  • 3 Who can benefit?

The key concepts of Gestalt Therapy

The Gestalt Therapy works through the interconnection of key concepts. These offer information on the processes involved in therapy sessions between the therapist and the client.

Focused on the conscience of the person conscience and the present moment, managing to separate from the future and the past. The process follows a person's experience in a way that does not involve the search for the unconscious, focusing on what is present and conscious.

  • Respect - Clients are treated with a deep respect for a Gestalt therapist. It provides a balance between support and challenge, key to helping participants feel comfortable to recognize their resistance and to open up.
  • Emphasis on experience - The gestalt approach focuses on experience in terms of emotions, perceptions, behaviors, bodily sensations, ideas and memories of an individual. A therapist encourages the client to "experiment" in all these ways, vividly in the here and now.
  • Creative experiment and discovery - There is an experimental methodology used by therapists to test the experience of their clients. These include very creative and flexible techniques to help them open up and recognize hidden feelings.
  • Social responsibility - The Gestalt approach recognizes that human beings have a social responsibility for oneself and others. It demands respect for all people and recognizes that each one is different. Ultimately, people are encouraged to adopt an egalitarian approach to social life.
  • Relationship - Relationships are considered a central point in the human experience and Gestalt therapy considered as individuals and as a "whole", seeks to achieve a good relationship with them and with those around them. The interpersonal relationship between the individual and the therapist is developed and nurtured in the sessions, and is a process of fundamental orientation in therapy.

How does Gestalt Therapy work?

Fundamentally, Gestalt Therapy It works to teach clients to define what is really being experienced, rather than what is merely an interpretation of events. Those who benefit from Gestalt Therapy will undertake a exploration on all your thoughts, feelings, behaviors, beliefs and values to promote knowledge of how they interpret and respond to events in their environment. This gives them the opportunity to identify options, behavior patterns and obstacles that are affecting their health and well-being, and that prevent them from reaching their full potential.

The development of this therapeutic process usually includes a series of expressive techniques and creative experiments, developed in collaboration between the therapist and the client. These will be appropriate for the client and their specific problems. Below are some of the most common methods used:

  • Role playing game: Role play can help people experience different sensations and emotions and better understand how they present themselves and thus organize.
  • The 'empty chair' technique: The open chair technique involves two chairs and role play, and can lead to emotional scenes. The client sits in front of an empty chair and must imagine someone (usually himself / herself or parts of him or her) in it. Next, they communicate with this imaginary being, asking questions and committing to what they represent. Next, the chairs where they physically sit should be changed. The conversation continues, but the client reverses the papers. This technique aims to allow participants to locate a specific feeling or a part of their personality that they had 'repudiated' or tried to ignore. This helps them to accept and recognize the polarities that exist in conflicts throughout the world.
  • Dialogue: A Gestalt therapist will need the client to participate in a meaningful and authentic dialogue in order to guide them in a particular way of behaving or thinking. This can go beyond the simple discussion of creative forms of expression such as dance, song or laughter.
  • Discussion of dreams: Dreams play an important role in Gestalt Therapy, as they can help people understand the spontaneous aspects of themselves.
  • Attention to body language: Throughout therapy, a Gestalt therapist will focus on body language, which is considered a subtle indicator of intense emotions. When he realized specific body language, the therapist can ask the client to exaggerate these movements or behaviors. This is used to intensify the emotion attached to the behavior and highlight an internal meaning. For example, a client may be showing signs of clenched fists or frowning, to which the therapist may ask for something along the lines of: "What are you saying with this movement?"

Who can benefit?

Ultimately, Gestalt Therapy is used to help individuals obtain a better understanding of how they connect to their physical and emotional needs. With it they will learn to be aware of their inner self, which is key to understanding why they react and behave in a certain way. This trip of self discovery It makes the approach beneficial for people to be more aware of their emotions and find it easier to process why they feel and act the way they do. It can also provide support and a safe space for people who go through times of personal difficulty.

The Gestalt Therapy It is considered particularly valuable to help treat a wide range of psychological problems. It has been shown to be effective for managing tension, anxiety, addiction, posttraumatic stress, depression and other psychological problems that can prevent people living life to the fullest. In general, people who participate in Gestalt Therapy tend to feel more confident, calm and at peace with themselves.

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