Many times we confuse egocentrism and narcissism. Both are similar concepts, but with important differences that we should know. In egocentrism, for example, we are unable to see the point of view of the other person. However, in the narcissistic personality we know how to assume the other point of view, the difference is that we don't care about him, we don't care and that's it.
In extreme cases, narcissism leads people to become true exploiters of others.
- 1 Narcissistic Personality Disorder
- 2 Main characteristics of narcissistic personality
- 3 Types of narcissistic personalities
- 4 How is narcissistic personality disorder diagnosed?
- 5 Treatment of narcissistic personality disorder
The Narcissistic Personality Disorder
Narcissistic Personality Disorder is characterized by a long-lasting pattern of grandeur (either in fantasy or real behavior), an overwhelming need for admiration, and usually a total lack of empathy for others. People with this disorder often believe that they are vitally important in everyone's life or for anyone they meet.
A personality disorder is a permanent pattern of behavior that departs from the norm of the individual's culture. This pattern is found in two or more of the following areas: cognitive; affective interpersonal functioning; impulse control The persistent pattern is inflexible and extends through a wide range of personal and social situations. It usually leads to significant distress or deterioration in social, employment or other areas of operation. The pattern is stable and long lasting, and its onset dates back to early adulthood or adolescence.
His, her nature
Some forms of narcissism can come from the individual's internal personality. Nevertheless, its nature is mostly external, due to education and the repeated reinforcement of this narcissism. Justifying inappropriate behavior towards others enhances narcissism, especially if it begins in childhood. It is a time of great plasticity and learning. That is why it is important not to boast in excess of our little ones, not to always give them the reason or make them think that they are the most important in this world.
Main characteristics of narcissistic personality
Narcissists are considered special, they think they are better and more important than others, so they exaggerate their talents and achievements. They hope that others realize their importance, praise and admire them constantly.
The characteristics that define them are the following:
- Owns a great feeling of its own importance (For example, it exaggerates achievements and talents, expects to be recognized as a superior person without possessing true achievements accordingly).
- Develop fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty or ideal love
- Believe it is "special" and unique and can only be understood or should be associated with other people who are also special or of high status (or institutions).
- Requires excessive admiration
- Have a strong sense of rightFor example, it has unreasonable expectations of deserving an especially favorable treatment and automatic compliance with its expectations.
- Exploit othersFor example, it takes advantage of others to achieve their own ends, and that is that they perceive others almost exclusively based on the utility to meet their own needs.
- Lacks empathy, is not willing to recognize or identify with the feelings and needs of others.
- He often feels envious of others or do you think the others are the ones that they envy to the.
- They regularly show arrogant or haughty behaviors and attitudes.
- They suffer from enormous difficulty in identifying with other people, a fact that in the long run generates a feeling of isolation and loneliness.
- They have a Low tolerance to frustration or any situation that does not exactly match your expectations.
- Have difficulty feeling certain emotions such as sadness, emotional need and vulnerability.
- They evaluate situations and people in very polarized terms of the all-nothing type.
- Low awareness of your intimate feelings and deep needs that prevents them from facing an identity crisis.
Types of narcissistic personalities
Theodore Millon, in a more refined differentiation of this problem describes four types of narcissistic people:
They are people with few internalized moral prohibitions that can be cruel, ruthless and exploitative.
He develops an illusion of superiority, but hides a deep feeling of deficiency, probably the result of having received a deep wound in his childhood. Like avoidant personalities, these people are extremely sensitive to the judgment of others and disapproval.
Presents histrionic features and seeks sexual hedonism seducing and treating their peers as objects with which to satisfy their own desires.
He believes to be part of a separate breed and be made of a superior paste. What he really fears is assuming mediocrity and desperately seeking the admiration and recognition of others.
Because this personality disorder is long lasting and with long-lasting patterns of behavior, they are diagnosed more frequently in adulthood. It is rare to be diagnosed in childhood or adolescence, since a child or adolescent is in constant development, with changes in personality and maturation. However, if it is diagnosed in a child or adolescent, the characteristics must have been present for at least 1 year.
Disorder narcissistic personality is more frequent in men than in women, and it is believed to occur in up to 6.2% of the general population.
How is narcissistic personality disorder diagnosed?
Personality disorders, such as Narcissistic Personality Disorder, are usually diagnosed by a trained mental health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist.
Many people with Narcissistic Personality Disorder do not seek treatment. People with personality disorders, in general, often do not seek help until the disease begins to significantly interfere with their personal lives. On the other hand, a narcissistic personality will be the least indicated to recognize that he has any "fault", so they do not usually go to ask for help if it is not that someone forces them to do so.
Treatment of narcissistic personality disorder
Treatment of narcissistic personality disorder usually involves long-term psychotherapy with a therapist who has experience in treating this type of personality disorder.
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