Albert Ellis (1913 - 2007) was one of the most influential psychologists of the twentieth century and one of the most prominent figures in the field of psychology after his break with the psychodynamic school.
Brief history of the TREC
When he was forty years old Ellis broke completely with psychoanalysis, and began to refer to himself as a rational therapist. He developed a new type of more active, directive and dynamic psychotherapy, in which the therapist was required to help the client understand that his conceptions contained beliefs that contributed to his emotional pain. With this new approach Ellis tried toactively change counterproductive, self-defeating and rigid beliefs and behaviors of the person, demonstrating their irrationality due to lack of evidence. He believed that through rational analysis individuals would understand their irrational beliefs, and exchange them for more logical and rational ones. This is known ascognitive restructuring.
Ellis taught his new technique to other therapists and four years later he formally presented the firstcognitive therapy, proposing that therapists help people by adjusting their thinking and behavior, as a treatment for thinking and behavior problems. Two years later Ellis published the book “How to live with a neurotic”In which he referred to his new method.
A few years later Ellis founded his own institute, theInstitute for Rational Life, where he regularly offered seminars in which he invited a participant to the stage to treat him. His method gained fame for often taking a managerial and confrontational style.
He was the creator in one of the theories that have revolutionized the fundamentals and methodology in the treatment of emotional and psychological problems, he earned a position of honor among the greatest psychologists. We talk today aboutAlbert Ellis and the TREC. Beginning of his path for the creation of rational therapy. Also relied heavily on thephilosophy modern and ancient, and their own experiences to theorize about psychotherapy.
Functionality of the Rational Behavioral Emotional approach
The Rational Behavioral Emotional Therapy (TREC) is a pioneering form of cognitive behavioral therapy, which argues that people are not only upset by the unfortunate things (adversities) that happen to them, they often worry considerably about these things. When their goals and desires are frustrated, they feel anxious and depressed they act in a defeatist way. Your environment contributes significantly to your agitated state, but your belief system, What they say to themselves about their unfortunate environment is also crucial to their disorders.
People have a series of rational beliefs, which consist of preferences or desires, often say to themselves: “I do not like these adversities that I experience, but they are not so bad and I can endure them and still lead a reasonably happy life. If they only have those preferences when they are frustrated, they produce healthy negative feelings, such as: regret, regret and disappointment. But often they also have a series of irrational beliefs, which consist of absolutism, requests or great orders like, I must not experience these adversities! It's horrible when I do it! I can not stand it! I am a bad person for allowing them to happen! Therefore they have unhealthy consequences, such as feelings of anguish, depression, anxiety and hopelessness.
Rational behavioral emotional therapy states that people can minimize their unhealthy feelings and behaviors and of defeatism, yes, they clearly see and realize their irrational beliefs, scientifically and realistically debate them, until they change them to simple preferences, they work on themselves to feel different and act against irrational ideas persistently.
Then they will have a new effective philosophy that will allow them to have healthy emotions and actions and minimize their defeatism behaviors.
The TREC (Rational Behavioral Emotional Therapy) can be used and works to help patients overcome their feelings and inappropriate behaviors in a reasonably short time, it is a realistic therapy, as well as directive / active therapy. It is taught to use the common sense method.
Emphasis is placed on direct action, on a high degree of activity by the therapist, on the use of bibliotherapy and on a specific indication of tasks to be performed by the patient in the interval between one therapeutic session and another.