The Psychodynamic therapy or psychodynamic orientation as it is also known, it is a therapeutic approach that encompasses the work of all analytical therapies. Its roots are predominantly in Freud's psychoanalysis approach, but Carl Jung, Alfred Adler, Otto Rank and Melanie Klein are widely recognized for further developing the concept and application of psychodynamics.
Like Psychoanalysis and Psychoanalytic Therapy, the goal of therapy is to bring the unconscious mind to consciousness, to help individuals understand their true, deeply rooted feelings in order to solve them. Our unconscious is considered to cling to painful feelings and memories, which are too difficult for the conscious mind to process. In order to ensure that these memories and experiences do not surface, many people will develop defenses, such as denial and projections. According to Psychodynamic Therapy, these defenses are usually done more harm than good.
While sharing the same fundamental principles of psychoanalysis, Psychodynamic Therapy is much less intensive, focusing mainly on immediate problems and trying to find a faster solution.
How does psychodynamic therapy work?
The psychodynamic approach is guided by the fundamental principle that the unconscious mind harbors deep-rooted feelings and memories That can affect our behavior. Psychodynamic therapists work accordingly, in different context-specific ways, which vary their techniques and style of therapy for the individual. They maintain an equal relationship with their client, adopting the unconditional acceptance attitude and with the objective of developing a relationship of trust. This encourages the client to open and explore unresolved issues and hidden conflicts in their unconscious that are affecting their mood and behavior.
In order to help the client understand what their alterations are unconscious and how their mind works, psychodynamic therapists will use similar techniques used in psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic therapy. These are listed below:
- Free association: This technique involves the client talking freely with the therapist - saying the first things that come to mind. There is no attempt to shape ideas before they are said, nor do customers say things about a linear story structure. Spontaneity allows true thoughts and feelings that arise without any concern for painful, illogical or silly that may sound to the therapist.
- Therapeutic transfer: This as a change of direction of a person's feelings - especially those who unconsciously withheld from childhood - about the therapist. Clients often feel a loving attraction to their therapist, but this transfer can manifest itself in many other ways, such as hate, distrust, extreme dependence and anger. Through the recognition and exploration of this relationship, the client can begin to understand their feelings and resolve any conflict with their childhood figures.
- Interpretation: The therapist is likely to remain relatively calm throughout the treatment, but occasionally will intersperse thoughts or interpretations of the issues the client chooses to discuss. The application of these interpretations will depend on the state therapists' awareness and the client's mental capacity to integrate materials that are not conscious.
Ultimately, it is up to the therapist to help clients learn new behavior patterns and ways of thinking that promote personal development and growth; Help them overcome the limitations caused by unconscious feelings. In general, this process tends to be fast and focused on solutions, and the sessions will take place once a week, with a duration of about 50 minutes. Psychodynamic therapy seeks to solve the most immediate problems.
Who can benefit from Psychodynamic Therapy?
The psychodynamic approach is designed to help people with a wide range of problems, but tends to be more effective in treating more specific issues, such as anxiety disorders (for example, phobias and obsessive compulsive disorders).
It is also appropriate for those who are really interested in exploring themselves, and seeking self-knowledge, in addition to symptom relief. They will have the capacity for self-reflection and a natural curiosity of their interior and why they behave as they do. For example, someone who maintains the choice of abusive partners may want to learn how to break that pattern by exploring their unconscious conflicts through free association.
All Psychological Therapies