Classification and types of Cognitive and Behavioral Therapies

Classification and types of Cognitive and Behavioral Therapies

The Cognitive Behavioral Therapies they are based on the way of thinking (cognitive) and / or the way they behave (behavioral). These therapies recognize that it is possible to change or recondition our thoughts or behavior to overcome specific problems.

Here are the main types of therapy that are included in this line of psychological treatment:


  • 1 Behavioral Therapy
  • 2 Cognitive Therapy
  • 3 Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
  • 4 Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
  • 5 Rational Behavioral Emotional Therapy (TREC)

Behavioral Therapy

As the name implies, the Behavioral Therapy focuses on human behavior and look to eradicate unwanted behavior or poor adaptation. Normally this type of therapy is used for people with behavioral problems or mental health problems that involve unwanted behavior. Examples of this include addictions, anxiety, phobias and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

The Behavioral Therapy is an action based treatment It aims to promote positive behavior change. Other therapies such as psychoanalytic therapy tend to be more focused on knowledge and deepen the past. In behavioral therapy, the past is still important, as it often reveals where and when unwanted behavior arose, however, it focuses more on current behavior and the ways in which it can be rectified.


Cognitive Therapy

The Cognitive Therapy deals with thoughts and perceptions, and how these can affect feelings and behavior. Reassessing negative thoughts that an individual can learn more flexible and positive ways of thinking, which can ultimately affect their feelings and behavior towards those thoughts.

The origin of the approach lies in restructuring therapy, the Rational Behavioral Emotional Therapy (TREC), which was developed by Albert Ellis in 1955. The basic principles behind cognitive therapy, however, are behind the work of the American psychiatrist, Aaron Beck. Beck identified that it led him to suffer his clients for the most part were negative thoughts and unrealistic beliefs.


Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

The Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) combines Cognitive Therapy and Behavior Therapies. The focus is on thoughts, emotions, physical sensations and actions, and teaches clients how each can have an effect on the other. CBT is useful for treating many disorders, including depression, anxiety and phobias.

The premise behind CBT is that both our thoughts and our behaviors have an effect on ourselves and also on others. Therapy examines learned behaviors and negative thinking patterns to transform them into positive ones.


Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)

Acceptance and commitment therapy (or ACT) is a form of behavior analysis that uses acceptance and thinking strategies to help increase psychological flexibility. While therapy is not considered a long-term treatment, it is considered useful in the treatment of depression, anxiety and other psychological disorders.

The Acceptance and commitment therapy It involves a series of practical exercises to bring out the power and importance of emotional, cognitive damage and behavioral processes. Your goal is to help people to change your relationship with negative thoughts and feelings They are having over their lives and in some cases they are greatly affecting their health and well-being.


Rational Behavioral Emotional Therapy (TREC)

The Rational Behavioral Emotional Therapy is a form of therapeutic psychology that emerges from behaviorism. It is about using reason and rationality to recognize self-destructive cognitive processes and learn to tune into a more appropriate emotion. Indeed, the idea is that subconscious destructive thoughts are consciously recognized and then exchanged for more constructive thoughts.