Karl Abraham (1877 - 1925) was an influential German psychoanalyst and collaborator of Sigmund Freud, who called him his "best student".
Abraham was the first psychoanalyst in Germany. His clinical-theoretical contributions quickly became classics that have strongly influenced the development of psychoanalytic theory. He was the first to develop a psychoanalytic theory of depression, several years before Freud's publication, "Mourning and melancholy." Abraham was supervisor and analyst of Melanie Klein, whose theoretical work had a profound influence.
In the 1920s, Abraham he was the most important analyst of the psychoanalytic movement after Freud. He was president of the International Association of Psychoanalysis, president of the Psychoanalytic Society of Berlin and member of the "secret committee". He was involved in a series of important conflicts of the early years of psychoanalysis, and after his death, he was often blamed for them. As a consequence, Abraham, so valued during his life, was frequently vilified after his death.
Do not miss today some of his best phrases.
Famous quotes by Karl Abraham
Psychoanalytic research has shown that, in mental patients, excessive affection often turns into violent hostility.
A person suffering from severe locomotor anxiety is in an almost permanent state of mental tension. He wakes up in the morning with the anxious expectation of having to go somewhere during the day.
When depressive psychosis has manifested itself, its cardinal characteristic seems to be a mental inhibition that hinders the relationship between the patient and the external world.
Both dreams and the neurotic states of dreams have the function of avoiding sorrows, but dreams also serve to provide extra pleasure.
While the melancholic exhibits a state of general inhibition, in the manic patient, even normal instinct inhibitions are partially or totally eliminated.
Even in my first analysis of a depressive psychosis, its structural similarity with obsessive neurosis caught my attention.
The onset of mania occurs when repression can no longer resist the attacks of repressed instincts.
The myth is a surviving fragment of the children's mental life of the peoples, while dreams are the myths of the individual.
A considerable number of people can protect themselves against the outbreak of serious neurotic phenomena only through intense work.
In neurotics, phobias are common to worms, as are phobias to snakes.
Anyone who is interested in children's psychology will have observed that while one child resists temptation, another easily yields. There are children who hardly resist any invitation from an unknown person to follow her; others react in the opposite way in the same circumstances.
Psychoanalysts have been busy for a long time with the difficult question of what are the psychological conditions that determine the form of the neurotic disease to which the individual will succumb. It is as if I had to choose between different diseases and be driven by unknown impulses, selecting one or the other.