Transactional Analysis and the three states of the I

Transactional Analysis and the three states of the I


  • 1 What is Transactional Analysis?
  • 2 How does Transactional Analysis work?
  • 3 The key concepts of Transactional Analysis
  • 4 Who can benefit?

What is Transactional Analysis?

The Transactional Analysis (AT) is a widely recognized form of modern psychology, which consists of a set of practical conceptual tools aimed at promoting personal growth and change. It is considered a fundamental therapy for well-being and to help people reach their full potential in all aspects of life.

In TA therapy counseling is very versatile, as it can be used in a wide range of areas and incorporates key issues of humanism, integration, psychodynamic approach, and even psychoanalytic therapies. Although It is commonly recognized as a brief and solution-focused approach, Transactional Analysis can also be applied as an effective long-term solution, with in-depth treatment.

Founded by Eric Berne in the late 1950s, TA therapy is based on the theory that each person has three states of self: parents, adults and children. These are used together with other keys and concepts of Transactional Analysis, with the help of tools and models to analyze how people communicate and identify what they need so that the interaction offers a better result.

Throughout the therapy, the TA therapist will work directly in the here and now, problem solving behaviors, while helping clients develop day-to-day tools to find constructive creative solutions. The ultimate goal is to ensure that customers regain absolute autonomy over their lives. Eric Berne defines this autonomy as the recovery of three vital human capacities, spontaneity, awareness and intimacy.

How does Transactional Analysis work?

Transactional Analysis is a speech therapy and sessions are designed to explore an individual's personality and how it It has been shaped by experience, especially those derived from childhood. This is achieved through skillful questions and the use of various models, techniques and tools. Sessions can be conducted in the form of one-on-one counseling, or with families, couples or groups.

The environment that supports the Transactional Analysis is not judging, safe and respectful, ensuring that a positive relationship is forged between the therapist and the client (s), in order to provide a model for subsequent relationships and communication that develop outside of therapy.

In this setting, the therapist works in collaboration with the individual to identify what has gone wrong in their communication and provide opportunities for changing repetitive patterns that limit their potential. TA therapists recognize that we all have the potential to live the life we ​​want, instead of the life we ​​are "programmed" to live. Sometimes, however, this potential is hampered by repetitive patterns or "unconscious" scripts that derive from childhood decisions and teachings.

The key concepts of Transactional Analysis

Below is an exploration of some of the key concepts or motivations of Transactional Analysis that a therapist will use in their work.

Ego states: Ego states refer to the three main parts of an individual's personality, and each of them reflects a whole system of thought, feeling and behavior. These determine how individuals express themselves, interact with each other and form relationships.

These are:

  • Ego state Parents - A set of thoughts, feelings and behaviors learned from our parents and other important people. This part of our personality can be supportive or critical.
  • Adult ego state - It refers to directing the answers in the "here and now" that are not influenced by our past. This tends to be the most rational part of our personality.
  • Child ego state - A set of thoughts, feelings and behaviors learned from our childhood. These can be free and natural or very adapted to the influences of the parents.

Unconscious scripts: TA therapists use script writing theory to identify unconscious. These will be analyzed using the ego state model, and their identification is crucial to help clients realize how certain permits and prohibitions they received as children are impacting their lives and how they communicate. These unconscious writings often exist repetitive patterns such as behavior, thoughts and feelings, characteristics that suggest that the child's ego state is overwhelming and contaminates other parts of a person's personality.

Transactions: When people communicate, their ego states interact to create "transactions." If ego states interact and mix in a healthy way, transactions tend to be healthier, but sometimes ego states can contaminate each other to create a distorted view of the world. Understanding these transactions is key to conflict resolution.

Strokes: The strokes refer to compliance, acceptance and recognition, which are influential in how people lead their lives. TA therapy recognizes that we are largely motivated by the reinforcement we get, such as when we were children, and if this is dysfunctional, we will be more likely to adopt dysfunctional patterns of life as we age.

Privacy: Another motivation recognized in Transactional Analysis is intimacy. Similar to the strokes, if the intimacy a child experiences is dysfunctional, then they will learn that this type of intimacy is the best he or she can do to meet basic needs and communicate with others. This can lead to the development of repetitive patterns of behavior that can hamper a person's potential.

Redecision: This refers to the ability of an individual to decide again and make changes to certain decisions that were made when he was a child, from which his unconscious scripts are derived. The redecision reflects the assumption of TA therapy that individuals have the potential to lead their lives as they wish. This energy is released after a redecision, and is done when the client is in his or her I-child state.

Ultimately, therapists use these concepts in Transactional Analysis Therapy to promote structural reorganization and deconfusion of a client's son's ego state. They encourage clients to question their current beliefs and the way he or she uses their life script. This will help them better understand the direction and patterns of life for themselves, and this knowledge can help make the decision to change their behavior.

Who can benefit?

Designed to promote personal growth and change, Transactional Analysis offers the opportunity to easily develop all kinds of learning skills that can be applied to all areas of life. This makes it a valuable therapy to help solve many types of problems, and has been successfully applied in a wide variety of settings outside of counseling, including organizational training and consulting, parenting, education and training.

Essentially Transactional Analysis can be use in any field where there is a need for an understanding of individuals, communication and relationships. As a result, it is particularly useful when there are problems with conflict, confusion or when something is missing. Relationship problems - between families, friends and couples - is a therapy that benefits greatly, as the TA encourages clients to deal with problems that have accumulated over time.

Many people find TA therapy attractive because it promotes an equal relationship between the client and the therapist, in which the client is recommended to focus on their commitment to change. Bern believes everyone has the ability to decide what they want for their lives, and therapy helps clients to recognize their value and value in order to go about achieving these goals.

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