Alice's syndrome in Wonderland

Alice's syndrome in Wonderland

Now I am stretching like the longest telescope ever! Goodbye feet! he shouted, because when he looked down he saw that his feet were already so far away that he seemed to lose sight of them. Oh my poor feet! I wonder who will put your shoes and your socks on now!

When we remember the story of Alice in Wonderland, surely we evoke those moments when Alicia changed size when she drank or ate some candy or drink she found, dwindling until she became very small or growing until she grew in size. These scenes may not have been unknown to the writer, since it seems that Lewis Carroll, creator of the popular novel Alice in Wonderland, suffered, among other things, from an epileptic condition that could make him prone to macropsy and micropsy, two conditions in which objects with a larger or smaller size than they actually possess are perceived. Today we talk about a phenomenon that reminds us a lot of those moments in the novel: The Alice's Syndrome in Wonderland


  • 1 What is Alice's Syndrome in Wonderland?
  • 2 Causes of Alice's Syndrome in Wonderland
  • 3 Symptoms of Alice's Syndrome in Wonderland
  • 4 Treatment of Alice's syndrome in Wonderland

What is Alice's Syndrome in Wonderland?

This syndrome is a rare condition in which there is a distorted perception of objects and oneself, in addition to disorientation. People can see what they have around, and even themselves, as larger or smaller than they actually have.

For example, a person suffering from this syndrome may see themselves as very small, suddenly, or see how the ceiling of the room is getting further and further away, while the hanging lamp is getting bigger.

This syndrome It usually affects children and is usually eliminated during the adolescent stage, although adults can also suffer from it.

To be able to consider that the person is affected by this syndrome, it should be ruled out that this strange perception is not a problem derived from an ocular disorder or some type of hallucination.

Causes of Alice's Syndrome in Wonderland

The causes of Alice's syndrome in Wonderland are not entirely clear. Although ocular or hallucinatory problems are ruled out, it seems that the concrete answer should still be investigated further, although its link with migraines is accepted.

Many researchers relate the causes of this syndrome to an unusual electrical activity in the brain that results in abnormal blood flow, especially in the brain areas responsible for processing and sensory perception.

Suffering from migraines is one of the conditions that make us more likely to suffer from this disorder. Some researchers have come to claim that Alice's Syndrome in Wonderland is a type of aura of migraines, that is, a symptomatology that is based on an altered sensory perception that appears before severe headaches.

Other causes may be brain infections or some type of trauma. This condition may also occur when taking some medications. However, for many patients no specific cause was found.

Symptoms of Alice's Syndrome in Wonderland

This syndrome affects vision, touch and hearing, as well as jeopardizing the temporal sense of those affected. That is, time seems to pass slower or faster than normal.

The most common symptom in this syndrome is a altered body image. The body parts of the person are perceived as very large or very small. In addition to this distorted perception of body parts, when an episode of migraine occurs, people may have the following perceptions:

  • Straight lines are perceived as wavy
  • Human faces can be distorted
  • Three-dimensional objects can be seen as planes
  • Still objects seem to be in motion
  • The colors look brighter
  • Things can be seen as stretched

Treatment of Alice's syndrome in Wonderland

When there are suspicions of this syndrome, the neurology professional You can perform some tests to diagnose it. These tests can be blood test to know if there is a virus that may be causing the syndrome; It is also common for a functional magnetic resonance test to be able to observe the brain in detail or an electroencephalogram to measure its electrical activity.

Being a rare syndrome whose causes are not entirely clear, there is no fully proven effective treatment. Thus, this syndrome is usually treated with prophylactic treatments for migraines, specifically psychoactive drugs such as anticonvulsants, antidepressants or calcium channel blockers They control blood pressure. Diets are also recommended for migraines, which are usually very positive for affected people. However, there is still a lot of research to do to find a completely effective treatment for all those people who do not have migraines and who are affected by this syndrome.

Links of interest

Alice in Wonderland Syndrome and Visual Migraines. //

Anne Weissenstein, Elisabeth Luchter, and M.A. Stefan Bittmann (2014) Alice in Wonderland syndrome: A rare neurological manifestation with microscopy in a 6-year-old child //

What Is Alice in Wonderland Syndrome? (AWS) Kimberly Holland //