In detail

Types of headache and how to identify them

Types of headache and how to identify them


  • 1 Definition of headache
  • 2 Tension headache
  • 3 Cluster Headache
  • 4 Sinus headache
  • 5 Migraines

Definition of headache

The head is one of the areas of our body where humans experience pain more frequently. The headache includes any type of pain in the head or neck region.

Headache can sometimes be difficult to classify, and some of the most common symptoms that appear are the sensation of oppression, palpitations, constant or intermittent damage. The location can also vary, from the face, to specific areas of the skull or the entire head.

Headache may arise spontaneously or may be associated with activity or exercise. It may be acute onset or it may be chronic in nature, with episodes of increased severity.

About 20% of people have a recurring headache.

Up to 150 different types of headaches have been identified. Next, we will describe the four most common types of headaches, so you can identify them.

Tension headache

This is the type more common headache in adults and adolescents. It usually feels like a pain with feeling of constant pressure on both sides of the head or on the back of the head and neck.

Causes can include stress, anxiety, poor posture, jaw clenching, smoking, eyestrain, caffeine and others. These pains can become chronic, although they are usually not serious. Experts are not sure of the exact cause, although it may be due to altered brain chemicals or mixed signals in the nerves that go to the brain.

These usually respond well to pain relievers such as aspirin, ibuprofen or acetaminophen. In many cases stress relief can help.

Cluster Headache

Cluster headaches affect more men than women, they are recurring headaches that occur in groups or cycles. They appear suddenly and are characterized by severe and debilitating pain on one side of the head, and are often accompanied by pain behind the eye and nasal congestion with a runny nose on the same side of the face.

They are known as "cluster headaches", as they tend to occur in groups. It may appear one to three times a day, and may last from 2 weeks to 3 months. Headaches may disappear completely (go into "remission") for months or years, to return again.

During an attack, the subject often feels restless and unable to get comfortable in any way, which is why he is unlikely to lie down, as someone with migraine usually does. The cause of cluster headaches is unknown., but there seems to be a genetic component. There is no cure, but certain medications can reduce the frequency and duration.

Sinus headache

This pain appears when a breast becomes inflamed, often due to an infection, and can cause pain. It feels a deep and constant pain in the cheekbones, forehead and bridge of the nose. The pain usually comes along with other sinus symptoms, such as a runny nose, a feeling of fullness in the ears, fever and swelling in your face.

Headaches due to sinus infection can be treated with antibiotics, as well as antihistamines or decongestants.


In these headaches there is an intense throbbing and throbbing pain. They can last from 4 hours to 3 days, and can occur one to four times a month. Along with the pain, the individual refers to other symptoms such as sensitivity to light, noise or odors, nausea or vomiting, loss of appetite and stomach disorders or pain. When a child suffers a migraine, he often looks pale, feels dizzy, and has blurred vision, fever and upset stomach may also occur.